Approaches to Cognition through Text and Discourse by Tuija Virtanen

By Tuija Virtanen

This publication explores the overlapping region of analysis that discourse linguists and cognitive linguists have an interest in. It procedes from issues of data structuring, coherence and foregrounding to these of negotiation of that means in situational and cultural contexts. The cognitive concerns dropped at the fore variety from assumptions that we make concerning the interlocuters' reminiscence constraints, the relative salience that we provide to and realize in components of discourse, prototypicality and the figure-ground contrast mirrored in language use, locative issues, iconicity, negotiation among humans or teams of individuals of universal floor and institution of shared conceptual types inside society at huge, which increases the problems of tradition and beliefs. The contributions, all via validated linguists with maximum skills, current new findings that have vital theoretical implications. they provide distinctive and clean analyses of vital discourse phenomena in cognitive mild.

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London: Heinemann. Rumelhart, David, James McClelland et al. ). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Saussure, Ferdinand de 1966 [original 1916] Course in General Linguistics (transl. Wade Baskin). New York: McGraw-Hill. Sinclair, John McHardy 1991 Corpus, Concordance, Collocation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Virtanen, Tuija 1990 Problems connected with the choice of data and the use of standardised multipurpose corpora in linguistics. ), Alarums and Excursions, 163-173. Turku: University of Turku Press.

2) a. b. Sally, she came early. She came early, Sally. The claim is that as a result of over-use such topic-shifted constructions become reanalysed as neutral clauses and the anaphoric pronouns, formerly functioning as topic agreement markers, become subject agreement markers. This reanalysis is seen to be typically accompanied by the cliticization and subsequent affixation of the anaphoric pronoun to the verb, producing structures such as those in (3). (3) Sally she-came early. 2 Such forms may undergo phonological erosion and subsequently be lost altogether.

What is important for AT is that third person referents be consistently encoded by relatively lower accessibility markers than first and second person referents. And this is typically so irrespective of whether a language does or does not have third person agreement. Since third person referents are not as inherently accessible as first and second person ones, they tend to be encoded by full NPs much more frequently than by pronominal expressions let alone reduced pronominals. Whether or not such NPs are accompanied by third person agreement markers is immaterial to AT.

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