By Harry Vereecken, Andrew Binley, Giorgio Cassiani, André Revil, Konstantin Titov
This publication makes a speciality of the the applying of hydrogeophysical how to the certainty of hydrological strategies and environmental difficulties facing the movement of water and the delivery of solutes and contaminants. Taking a process-driven method, the publication deals a chain of process-driven chapters, every one authored by means of major specialists. parts coated contain: infiltration and solute shipping procedures, biogeochemical functioning of soil-water structures, coastal groundwater interactions, chilly sector hydrology, engineered obstacles and landfill procedures.
Read Online or Download Applied Hydrogeophysics (Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences) PDF
Best hydrology books
RiverFlow 2004 is the second one overseas convention on Fluvial Hydraulics, equipped as speciality meetings below the auspices of the foreign organization of Hydraulic Engineering and study (IAHR) inside of its Fluvial Hydraulics and Eco Hydraulics Sections. RiverFlow meetings are an important discussion board of debate for plenty of researchers keen on river modelling and remark.
Rivers fluctuate between themselves and during time. a person river can range considerably downstream, altering its dimensions and trend dramatically over a brief distance. If hydrology and hydraulics have been the first controls at the morphology and behavior of huge rivers, we'd count on lengthy reaches of rivers to keep up attribute and comparatively uniform morphologies.
Landscapes are characterised by means of a large edition, either spatially and temporally, of tolerance and reaction to average strategies and anthropogenic pressure. those tolerances and responses could be analyzed via person panorama parameters, reminiscent of soils, crops, water, and so forth. , or holistically via environment or watershed stories.
Permafrost Hydrology systematically elucidates the jobs of seasonally and perennially frozen floor at the distribution, garage and circulate of water. chilly areas of the realm are topic to mounting improvement which considerably impacts the actual setting. weather swap, ordinary or human-induced, reinforces the affects.
- Entropy Theory and its Application in Environmental and Water Engineering
- PE Pipe - Design and Installation
- Rock fractures and fluid flow: contemporary understanding and applications
- Water Contamination and Health: Integration of Exposure Assessment, Toxicology, and Risk Assessment
- Inverse Problems in Groundwater Modeling
Additional resources for Applied Hydrogeophysics (Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences)
It is evident that with the help of high-resolution GPR tomograms, the measurements of extractable Fe(II) and Fe(III) as well as lithofacies measurements can be extended to locations where direct measurements are not available. For details, see Chen et al. (2004). 4. DISCUSSION OF INTEGRATION METHODS Integration methods are relatively easy to implement because geophysical inversion and hydrogeological data processing are carried out separately. Furthermore, they rely on well-established techniques to integrate different types of data.
Within the model, lithofacies and Fe(II) and Fe(III) concentrations at each pixel between the boreholes were considered as random variables. The borehole lithofacies measurements and crosshole GPR tomograms (Figure 3a) were considered as independent parameters. By conditioning all the unknowns to the available datasets, a joint posterior probability distribution function of those variables was defined at each location. Using a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method, many samples of each unknown were obtained, which were subsequently used to calculate mean, variance, and predictive intervals for each unknown variable.
The choice of the appropriate hydrogeophysical parameter estimation approach largely depends on the problem. Each method is based on assumptions, which should be acknowledged and examined. No method is good for all applications at the current stage. There is much room to improve our current methods as hydrogeophysics is a new and interdisciplinary field. In this chapter, we have discussed choices that must be made in hydrogeophysical parameter estimation. We have also attempted to classify hydrogeophysical parameter estimation into three classes: direct mapping; integration methods, and joint inversion methods.