By Yan Xuetong, Daniel A. Bell, Sun Zhe, Edmund Ryden
The upward thrust of China may be the most crucial political improvement of the twenty-first century. what's going to China appear like sooner or later? What may still it seem like? And what is going to China's upward push suggest for the remainder of global? This ebook, written by way of China's so much influential overseas coverage philosopher, units out a imaginative and prescient for the arrival a long time from China's element of view.
within the West, Yan Xuetong is frequently considered as a hawkish coverage consultant and enemy of liberal internationalists. yet a really diversified photo emerges from this ebook, as Yan examines the teachings of historical chinese language political concept for the way forward for China and the advance of a "Beijing consensus" in diplomacy. Yan, it turns into transparent, is neither a communist who believes that monetary may well is the main to nationwide strength, nor a neoconservative who believes that China should still depend upon army could to get its approach. fairly, Yan argues, political management is the most important to nationwide energy, and morality is a vital a part of political management. financial and army may are very important parts of nationwide strength, yet they're secondary to political leaders who act in response to ethical norms, and a similar holds real in making a choice on the hierarchy of the worldwide order.
supplying new insights into the deliberating one in all China's major international coverage figures, this publication should be crucial examining for an individual attracted to China's upward thrust or in overseas relations.
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Additional resources for Ancient Chinese Thought, Modern Chinese Power
Laozi and Mozi believe that peace can be realized by constructing concepts; 35 36 YAN XUETONG Confucius, Xunzi, and Mencius believe that human behavior can be restrained by systematic norms and by this means peace can be achieved; Guanzi and Hanfeizi think that it is necessary to increase strength so as to attain peace for one’s own state. Laozi and Mozi both think that it is possible to avoid war by changing people’s ideas, but the ideas each seeks to change are quite different. 59 In fact, Laozi attributes the cause of conflict to human selfishness and believes that this selfishness cannot be eliminated; he thinks that forcing people to fear death and enjoy life will cause them not to wish to go out, thereby reducing interaction between groups of people and, hence, reducing conflict: In a small state with few people let there be weapons for tens and hundreds, but they shall not be used; let the people so fear death that they shall not travel far.
Scholars are using pre-Qin thought and contemporary international relations theory to lead them to look for a way to shed new light on contemporary international relations theory. 19 Although the revelatory nature of this kind of research is powerful, little has been accomplished so far in comparing the interstate political thought of the pre-Qin masters. In fact, none of these four kinds of comparative research of the interstate political thought of the pre-Qin masters has produced much. 1 Analytical Levels and Epistemological Ideas Analytical Level Epistemological Ideas Conceptual determinism System State Individual Confucius, Mencius Laozi, Mozi Dualism Guanzi Materialist determinism Hanfeizi Xunzi picture of pre-Qin thought so as to make new discoveries in theory, not to assess the past.
Unlike the other pre-Qin thinkers, he does not think that the foundation of humane authority is morality. ”107 Because of this, he thinks that humane authority is also dependent on military might and a legal system. ”109 Mozi uses the term sage king more than the term hegemon, but he does not indicate whether there is any distinction between them. Rather, he uses historical examples of humane authority and hegemonic authority to explain the same principle. Mozi’s understanding of humane authority is very secular.