American Religious Responses to Kristallnacht by M. Mazzenga

By M. Mazzenga

This book examines how American Protestants, Catholics and Jews replied to the persecution of Jews in Germany and German-occupied territory within the Thirties. The essays concentrate on American spiritual responses to Kristallnacht and signify the 1st exam of multi-religious team responses to the beginnings of the Holocaust.

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American Religious Responses to Kristallnacht

This book examines how American Protestants, Catholics and Jews spoke back to the persecution of Jews in Germany and German-occupied territory within the Thirties. The essays specialize in American spiritual responses to Kristallnacht and symbolize the 1st exam of multi-religious team responses to the beginnings of the Holocaust.

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40. Burke Library, UTS, Henry Smith Leiper papers. Letter, Lazaron to Clinchy, May 13, 1935. 41. J. S. Foreign Policy (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), 53. 42. , 55. 43. See the correspondence between Samuel Cavert and William Paton (May–August 1941) about lobbying in both countries and Canada against the Allen bill, which attempted to bar refugees who had been in Nazi prisons or camps. ” Christian and Jewish Interfaith Efforts 29 44. Armin Boyens, Kirchenkampf und Ökumene 1939–1945 (Munich: Chr.

Similarly, Germany’s participation in persecution was less a case of collective sin against the Jews as God’s people and more the abandonment of the German customary high level of culture and civilization—a descent into savagery. Interpretations such as these illustrate that the mainline Protestant leaders who responded to Kristallnacht did so from an ideological position very similar to that of liberal Catholics or the public at large, concerned as they were with the rights and freedoms of liberal democracy as the pinnacle of both Western civilization and the religion of Christ.

153. 50. See Boyens, Kirchenkampf und Oikumene 1939–1945, 129ff. 51. Library of Congress, Reinhold Niebuhr papers, File: World Council of Churches, 1940–48. Visser ‘t Hooft, “The Ecumenical Church and the International Situation,” April 1940. 52. , The Nazi Holocaust, vol. 8, Bystanders to the Holocaust (Westport: Meckler, 1989) 141–142. Chapter 2 “The Fatherhood of God and Brotherhood of Man”: Mainline American Protestants and the Kristallnacht Pogrom Kyle Jantzen Within the literature that concerns itself with North American responses to the Holocaust, there exists a wide range of opinion.

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