By John C. Whittaker
Making arrowheads, blades, and different stone instruments was a survival ability and remains to be a craft practiced by means of millions of flintknappers world wide. within the usa, knappers assemble at local "knap-ins" to socialise, alternate principles and fabric, purchase and promote either gear and knapped artwork, and make stone instruments within the corporation of others. In among those gatherings, the knapping group remains attached via newsletters and the Internet.
In this publication, avid knapper anthropologist John Whittaker bargains an insider's view of the knapping group. He explores why stone instruments allure smooth humans and what making them potential to people who pursue this artwork. He describes how new individuals are integrated into the knapping group, how newcomers study the options of knapping and locate their roles in the workforce, how the group is dependent, and the way ethics, ideas, and ideology approximately knapping are constructed and transmitted. He additionally explains how the perform of knapping pertains to expert archaeology, the exchange in sleek replicas of stone instruments, and the forgery of artifacts. Whittaker's e-book hence files a desirable culture of yank lifestyles and introduces the broader public to an historical and nonetheless lucrative craft.
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Extra info for American Flintknappers. Stone Age Art in the Age of Computers
These points are now described as “fluted,” typically with a single large thinning flake running up the point from the base. The two major types recognized by early archaeologists are the larger, earlier Clovis point and the smaller, more finely worked, and later Folsom point. ). This became his specialty, and he turned out vast numbers of them; “hundreds of thousands,” or “boxcar loads,” were two of the expressions I heard. According to Charlie, McCormick was still working into the s. Like most of the early knapper/fakers, and for that matter, like most knappers now, McCormick began by collecting prehistoric points.
Treasure from a Pre-Historic Age (Heeringa and Elsing ) is a fifteen-page pamphlet written by Irene Heeringa and illustrated by Elsing for his private Oak Crest Museum near Joplin, Missouri. It is an absurd attempt to connect the Oklahoma fakes to Maya eccentrics, the Easter Island symbol system, and the fictional ancient continent of Mu. I spoke to Mr. Elsing in , and he assured me that he would still “stake his life” on the authenticity of Tussinger’s eccentrics, but was not forthcoming on details.
Soft hammer percussion, on the other hand, often means the use of a hammer of antler, wood, bone, or other material softer and more resilient than stone. ). Such tools are often called batons or billets. Soft hammers are less effective than hard for removing large flakes from normal cores, so the use of a soft hammer often implies that bifaces are being worked. In working a biface, the blows fall on the edges, rather than on the flat platform surfaces of normal cores. The edges of bifaces in production are generally strengthened by intentionally dulling them, because a thin, sharp edge will crush under the blow rather than transmitting the force to a clean flake fracture.