By Richard D. Miller, John H. Bradford, Klaus Holliger

Published by means of the yank Geophysical Union as a part of the Geophysical improvement sequence, quantity 15.

Advances in Near-surface Seismology and Ground-penetrating Radar (SEG Geophysical advancements sequence No. 15) is a suite of unique papers by means of well known and revered authors from world wide. applied sciences utilized in the applying of near-surface seismology and ground-penetrating radar have visible major advances within the final a number of years. either equipment have benefited from new processing instruments, elevated computing device speeds, and an improved number of applications.

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**Additional info for Advances in Near-surface Seismology and Ground-penetrating Radar, Volume 15**

**Example text**

Ln21 ! Ln ! 0; d ¼ LDb; and I is the identity matrix. A solution to this constrained (weighted) least-squares problem (equation 3) with minimum modiﬁcation to model parameters is sought so that the convergence procedure will remain stable for each iteration. This does not necessarily mean that the ﬁnal model will be closer to the initial model than with other optimization techniques, such as the Newton method. The modiﬁcation determined at each iteration (equation 4) is added to the previous model, thereby producing an updated model (x kþ1 ¼ x k þ Dx).

2002c). 3-kg hammer seismic source vertically impacting a metal plate. Data were acquired (Figure 2a) off both ends of the same west-east line along which the shallow SH-wave refraction data had been acquired previously, for comparison of inverted S-wave velocities with traditional traveltime analysis. An image of dispersion energy (Figure 2b) from Figure 2a Time (ms) The iteration process will stop when F reaches a given threshold value or the number of iterations meets the given maximum iteration number.

Oldenburg, 1997, Joint inversion: A structural approach: Inverse Problems, 13, 63–77. , and S. Shtrikman, 1962, A variational approach to the theory of the effective magnetic permeability of multiphase materials: Journal of Applied Physics, 33, 3125–3131. ———, 1963, A variational approach to the theory of the elastic behavior of multiphase materials: Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 11, 127–140. , M. Musil, and H. R. Maurer, 2001, Ray-based amplitude tomography for crosshole georadar data: A numerical assessment: Journal of Applied Geophysics, 47, 285–298.