Achievements, History and Challenges in Geophysics: 60th by Robert Bialik, Mariusz Majdański, Mateusz Moskalik

By Robert Bialik, Mariusz Majdański, Mateusz Moskalik

Over the final six many years, the sphere of geophysics has skilled speedy improvement. Seismic equipment, magnetic reports, hydrology and atmospheric sciences have multiplied due to a growth within the laptop sciences and dimension options. The frontiers of geophysics have additionally multiplied, now together with learn at the polar parts, either Arctic and Antarctic. some of these occasions are truly mirrored within the 60-year-long background of the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences. This quantity describes the main trendy achievements, the historical past of study and in addition the longer term strength of the Institute of Geophysics PAS. It describes measurements in a variety of tasks, tools of studying medical facts, and final yet no longer least the folk who've pushed this study in lots of clinical projects.

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It was equipped in seismometers of Golicyn-Wilip type, with galvanometric (photographic) registration. The Seismological Observatory in Warsaw started to record distant earthquakes in 1937, but official opening took place on 1 January 1939 (see also Jankowska 1986). The Society of Geophysicists supported also the organization of Polish Polar Expedition during the Second International Polar Year 1932/1933. In this case, a On the Roots of the Institute of Geophysics 33 Fig. 2 The former Józef Piłsudski Astronomical-Meteorological Observatory on the Pop Ivan Mount in Czarnohora Mts.

In 19th century, connection of Polish research with world’s science was facilitated by the fact that south-eastern part of Poland was then ruled by the Austrian Empire. In the years 1839–1885, a small magnetic observatory created by Austrian scientist Maximilian Weisse (1798–1863) was in operation in Cracow; it was the first on Polish lands. Like the Astronomical Observatory, also this small facility belonged to the Jagiellonian University. Scientists tended to be comprehensive in those times. Ludwik Antoni Birkenmajer (1855–1929), one of many Cracovian erudits, was not only a physicist, astronomer and historian of science, but also a geophysicist, deeply involved in gravimetric research.

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