A Weberian Analysis of Business Groups and Financial Markets by Sandro Segre

By Sandro Segre

Ethical economic system, as a collection of ideas which control industry transactions, has been the item of a lot learn and debate because the 1980's. Classical sociological authors reminiscent of Weber, Simmel, and Toennies additionally handled this topic, despite the fact that Weber particularly dwelt at the principles of the ethical economic climate within the monetary markets. This paintings sheds mild on Weber's contribution, as distinctive from these of Simmel and Toennies, formulating types of commercial relatives, one oligopolistic and the opposite in response to unfastened festival, and indicates the implications on competitiveness on this planet marketplace that circulate from the superiority of the single version or the opposite. The behavior of actors in monetary markets is usually accounted for, making connection with Weber's writings at the London and Berlin inventory Exchanges, and to investigations on modern monetary markets

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May success be explained by the internal characteristics of economic organizations that a particular model assumes as prevailing (theory of structural contingencies)? Or rather is it a question of the relations existing, on the one hand, between organizational fields or organizational populations, and, on the other hand, the milieu in which these organization clusters are included, so that each model would be connoted by particular relations (ecological theory of organizations)? 20 A Weberian Analysis of Business Groups and Financial Markets Finally, what consequences involve the different distribution of relations based on trust in the relations among institutional actors, whether either model prevails?

Demand from international trade—with particular reference to the so-called retail revolution which has provided direct links between US retailers and manufacturers in Korea and Taiwan, and increased the demand of goods produced in these countries—has had an impact on their production structure, but effects have differed according to the specific competitive environment. This environment, which includes economic institutions such as firms and groups of firms but also state policies and social networks, grew ever more different in Korea and Taiwan, as local firms used domestic resources, including authority and market power, to satisfy a rising specific demand from US retailers (Feenstra, Hamilton 2006: Chapter 6; see also 9, 71, 295–8, 363–4).

Finally, as previously pointed out, interpersonal links in business milieux are especially significant as sources of trust, enforced by “the sanctioning power of the community,” in non-institutionalized economic relations constitutive of an informal economy (Portes 1994: 430–32). Trust is also essential for the functioning of industrial districts (Diamanti 1994: 405–408; Powell, Smith-Doerr 1994: 385– 8), the establishment of patronage networks connecting job seekers and job control agents (Bian 1994), and the maintenance of “a tightly controlled network unfriendly to outsiders” for the purpose of excluding them from financial markets (Mizruchi, Brewster Stearns 1994: 328–9).

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