A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel by Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental

By Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan

Being direct descendants of the Aramaic spoken via the Jews in antiquity, the nonetheless spoken Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects of Kurdistan deserve particular and vibrant curiosity. Geoffrey Khan's A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic is a distinct list of 1 of those dialects, now at the verge of extinction. This quantity, the results of wide fieldwork, encompasses a description of the dialect spoken by means of the Jews from the area of Arbel (Iraqi Kurdistan), including a transcription of recorded texts and a word list. The grammar includes sections on phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded via an introductory bankruptcy reading the placement of this dialect in terms of the opposite identified Neo-Aramaic dialects. The transcribed texts checklist folktales and debts of customs, traditions and reviews of the Jews of Kurdistan.

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Sabar (1990) for an inventory of those occurring in the Jewish Zakho dialect. INTRODUCTION 13 VI. The texts The texts that are presented in this volume represent a selection of the recorded material from informants L, S, Y and B. They contain descriptions of the life and customs of the Jews in Arbe! and the surrounding villages, reminiscences of various events and experiences and also folk tales. The transcriptions present the texts in their original state. Modern Hebrew lexical elements that occur from time to time are marked by the sigla H ··· H.

G. ~~ya:wa] 'she could not' (B:77) but Ia ma~etun [mrese:t'un] 'you cannot' (B:43), :jalmu [srel'mu:] 'their face' (L: 224) but :j{;zlma [·~almre] (S:2). g. viz. ) am able' : masyan 'our fish'. g. älim 'cruel' (B:146). wa:lu:] 'I used to chase them away' (Y:52). iftam 'there'. g. g. ] (L:4). il and the word for 'there' tam, which is not used independently in the Jewish Arbel dialect. il is not pronounced emphatic. g. $[ola ['*>:~~] 'syngogue' (Y:72), satlu ['srenl:l:l 'their pots' (Y:73), :jqilta [~q~rt're] 'a small ring' (L:209).

T! g. beta swiita Sriita 'egg' 'satiety' 'lamp' < *beftii < *s/}aftii < *Sraftii < *Sragtii (cf. p) Examples such as these in (i) and (ii) demonstrate that the shift is no Ionger operative in the language. g. t!. g. {/aha 'three' < *tliilii, bar 'after' < *biitar. e 'towns', which may be a variant of the ending -awiile (< *-iiwiite); cf. 1. g. biya 'hause' < *betii, mii 'town' < miitii (Kapeliuk 1997: 534; Fox 1991: 38-39, 1994: 157, 1997: 15-16; Maclean 1895: 338-339; Tsereteli 1961: 247-248).

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