By Edward Erwin
More than a century has handed seeing that Sigmund Freud all started his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there is not any consensus approximately his legacy; in its place there's power confrontation not just approximately Freud's popularity and position in background yet in regards to the right criteria to take advantage of in comparing his conception and therapy.
This ebook develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and gives a entire evaluate of, and doubtless ultimate, verdict on Freud's idea and treatment. in contrast to the other review released up to now, it incorporates a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental facts and the correct criteria for studying the evidence.
Part I considers the view that Freud's conception will be judged via precise evidential criteria deemed applicable for judging hypotheses of common sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues by contrast view and for the employment of criteria acceptable to causal hypotheses of either the ordinary and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different concerns approximately criteria akin to the necessity for experimental proof, using placebo controls, the right kind pursuits of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in interpreting consequence data.
The criteria built partially I of the publication are utilized in half II in comparing the simplest on hand Freudian evidence.
A Bradford Book
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Extra info for A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology
A clear alternative, however, to mere thematic afªnity can be given as to what makes the hypothesis plausible. We have background evidence of a Millian kind (see Grünbaum 1993, 154), that events or conditions such as being thirsty or having a desire to urinate often make a difference as to what people dream. To take another of Hopkins’s examples, when we see someone moving toward a tap with glass in hand, we are often in a position to infer that he or she wants a drink. However, that is not always true.
Yet experimental evidence might be needed to conªrm certain Freudian causal claims and not certain commonsense causal claims, not because fundamentally different epistemic standards apply but because empirical evidence mandates that conªrmation of Freudian hypotheses be ex- 41 Non-Natural Science Standards perimental. (For a further discussion of the connection between commonsense psychology and Freudian psychology, see chapter 3, pp. ) A third point concerns the appropriateness of using certain rigorous standards that, for practical or moral reasons, cannot be satisªed in certain areas of inquiry.
A man turns from the view of a woman’s exposed bosom and mutters “Excuse me, I have got to get a breast of 28 Chapter 1 ºesh air. Sachs assumes that the slip was prompted by a wish to caress, although he concedes that the motive is not obvious. His point is that if we do not allow that the meaning afªnity between the wish and the slip is evidence that the ªrst caused the second, then we are unable to account for our knowledge of the causal connection. If we do allow it, then the way is open for Freud to appeal to meaning connections to warrant his causal inferences about repressed wishes in what Sachs calls (374) cases of “opaque” parapraxes.